In a comment on a previous post, Heather Lovatt asks some good and searching questions about what happens when an independent author sells books through Amazon’s KDP program. I shall try to answer as best I can, but bear in mind, I am neither a lawyer nor an expert at online commerce.
To simplify matters, I am breaking things down fisking-style and answering bit by bit. But this is by no means a fisking; I thought I would throw my horrible nature to the winds and try being friendly for a change. Here goes:
I am looking into the idea of publishing on Amazon. I’ve hit a lot of walls on this.
I hear you. I hit a lot of walls myself in the same process. I hope I can be of some help.
Something I saw recently–though I can’t quote it exactly–had something to do with the idea that giving Amazon my book to sell gave them an option to ‘sell’ my book in one of THEIR channels that directly competed, on pricing, with my own.
The KDP terms and conditions do state that Amazon is authorized to sell your books through its subsidiaries, and that it has sole authority to set its own retail prices. (However, your royalty is always based on your list price – with one caveat, which I shall discuss later.) Some articling law student, probably, wrote the terms and conditions that way to give Amazon maximum flexibility: a practice I despise. However, Amazon’s policy has been clear enough: they sell books from independent authors at the author’s list price, unless they are available at a lower price somewhere else; then they price-match. This is true, as far as I know, of all Amazon’s subsidiaries where ebooks might be sold.
If you list your book on Amazon for $2.99, and sell it through your own website (or authorize another website to sell it for you) for 99 cents, then Amazon will not only cut its price to 99 cents, but pay you your royalties based on the 99-cent price. It presumes that you have full control over the prices at which other retailers offer your work, which is not always the case. It is a good idea, if you are distributing through several retailers, to keep an eye on their listed prices from time to time; it could be necessary to withdraw your books from a store if it likes to monkey with your prices, because all the other retailers, including Amazon, may cut their prices to match – and cut your royalties in proportion.
CreateSpace is an Amazon subsidiary, but only sells print-on-demand books; it operates under much more complicated rules than KDP, but it won’t enter the picture unless you choose to do a POD edition of your book(s) through it. The same goes for Audible, but the rules are very complex and rather unfriendly there; I wouldn’t touch Audible unless I expected big enough sales to pay for all my recording costs and the price of a lawyer to vet all my dealings with them. It’s not a place for novices, in my opinion.
If you are thinking of some other Amazon channel, then you’ll have to help me out and tell me which one. I don’t have specific information and would need at least a name before I could use my Mighty Google-fu™.
I really start getting confused with what Amazon is gonna do to me, a new writer, on their website, but these days, I have a core feeling that I’ll use them until something else comes along.
That’s about how I felt when I got into it, and you know what? I still feel that way. But Amazon has been a lot better for me to deal with than Smashwords, Kobo, or Apple, the other three distributors I have set up accounts with.
I still wish it had been about using a website where I got all my customer email address; for whatever other reasons Amazon used me for fodder, at least I would get a relevant email list out of it. But I know that’s not gonna happen any time soon on Amazon.
Back in the 1990s, when Amazon started, publishers (for the most part) didn’t give a damn who ultimately bought their products. As far as they were concerned, their customers were the bookshops; readers were a thing they had vaguely heard of but never encountered themselves, like the kingdom of Prester John. A book went out to a store, and that was the end of it, unless the store returned it for credit.
Publishers had no interest in collecting data about consumers; and they were so technologically primitive that they did not have any way of storing it if they did collect it. Nor was it easy for them to hire the needful expertise. Any new IT graduate worth his salt wants to go to work for a tech company; failing that, for a business that understands and appreciates technology. Few IT grads will even look at working for a publisher, and the contempt, sad to say, is mutual. So the publishers never bothered to ask Amazon for customer data, and Amazon, which wanted every advantage it could get in winning customers, promised not to give that data away. We independents have come to the party too late to change the rules.
The best way around this, I am told, is to have a page at the end of all your books where you invite the reader to sign up for your newsletter to be informed of new releases. This will at least get you a list of email addresses. It won’t list everybody; it will only list those who read the whole book and are sufficiently motivated to want to hear about the next one. But those are the ones you most want to know about: they are asking to give you repeat business. I haven’t yet set up a newsletter myself, but I am planning to do so with my next release, provided I can figure out how. (By the way, it won’t do, I am told, to put the page at the beginning of the book. Many e-readers automatically open the book to the first page of the main text. Anything before Chapter One can only be reached if the reader knows enough to turn the pages backwards to get at it. So the front matter becomes the place to dump things like copyright notices and legal disclaimers, which need to be in the book but nobody wants to read.)
Running a newsletter requires extra work, of course, which is why I have shirked it so far. But it is a decent workaround, and at this point in the game, a workaround is all we are going to get.
I still don’t even get why I keep hearing this idea that we get 70 percent royalty as, for some reason, I get the impression–and again, I could be wrong–that Amazon has all these little ‘fees’ they add to that transaction. So that percent is reduced.
The one ‘little fee’ that gets subtracted from your royalty really is little – for most books. That is a data transmission fee, which in the U.S. and Canada is 15 cents per megabyte as of this writing, and roughly similar amounts in other countries. The purpose of this fee is to make sure that people who sell things like comics, or illustrated travel books, or technical books full of diagrams, will not hog the system’s bandwidth; or worse yet, people who sell ‘enhanced’ ebooks with movies and music and other such rubbish. A typical novel, formatted as a .mobi file, is round about a megabyte in size – maybe a bit larger, depending on the cover graphic. An ‘enhanced’ ebook can hardly take up less than 10 megabytes – it may run 100 or more, if a real idiot is doing the enhancing. Amazon doesn’t really want to sell the latter, so it charges the transmission fee to encourage people to slim their files down.
And no, I don’t use the “but the trad publishers are worse” logic to compensate for this.
If you did, frankly, it would compensate for a hell of a lot. After all, trad publishers routinely take 75 percent off the top of an ebook sale – if they can be trusted to report sales accurately. (I have heard horror stories; such as the one nice lady who had a whole string of books with one publisher, and got a royalty statement saying that each and every one of those books had sold exactly three ebook copies in a six-month reporting period. It was like Monty Python and the Holy Grail: ‘Four copies thou shalt not sell, neither shalt thou sell two, except thou immediately proceedest to three. Five is right out.’ No line of products ever sells as uniformly as all that.)
But I agree, that’s not good logic to use with Amazon. The thing is to keep their feet to the fire and try to get them to improve their treatment of us, their suppliers; not to give them a blank-cheque excuse by comparing them to what is, I am afraid, the sleaziest legal business I have any personal knowledge of.
I dunno. It shouldn’t have taken me this long to decide where to sell a book I make; but presently, Amazon unsettles me, still.
I don’t blame you. Self-publishing is an unsettling business for most of us; it requires learning so much, and it keeps changing so rapidly. It’s hard to stay ahead. I know you’re a reader of The Passive Voice, and I suppose you must be familiar with Joe Konrath and David Gaughran, but for the benefit of anyone new who reads this, I include the links. Those really are the three consistently best sources for self-publishing information that I have ever found. Each of them occasionally gets bees in his bonnet, but most of their advice is sound and sane and thoroughly nutritious to an indie author’s career. I would not have made it even this far without them.
Are you using Amazon?
I am. In fact, I made the experiment of putting one of my books on KDP Select. I meant to take it off of there, but then I fell down the stairs and was unable to do any useful work for about a year. It is still on my ‘to do’ list before the next book comes out.
I will say this: Amazon has given me by far the best experience of any of the major retailers. Theirs is the easiest place to submit a book to; the easiest one to format a book for; the one with the widest reach, and the best record of promoting independent writers; and the one that pays best and most reliably. As of this date, Amazon is actually the only retailer where I have sold enough books to top their minimum payment threshold and receive a royalty payment. They pay off as soon as they owe you $10 or more; Smashwords, by way of contrast, pays off at $100 – and I have not earned $100 in royalties from Smashwords yet.
Heather, who found you on PG
I wish you the best of luck with your books and your career; and if you become as famous as J. K. Rowling, I hope you’ll remember to throw a link my way.
–Tom, who got found there